Nitrogen flows in biomass combustion systems – A parametric scoping study aimed at optimising nitrogen flows in biomass combustion

The release of reactive nitrogen in the form of ammonia and nitrogen oxides from a wide variety of sources in society such as combustion processes and agricultural activities rises concerns due to its direct and indirect (as precursor) harm to environment and public health. This has led to several legal regulations aiming at reducing the release of reactive nitrogen to the environment.

Only little research has been done so far on the quantification of reactive nitrogen flows along the whole biomass combustion cycle, including biomass growth and harvesting.

This scoping study aims to identify the key parameters that influence nitrogen balances for a broad diversity of biomass combustion plants based on different technologies and fuels with varying nitrogen contents.